Our Nutrition Assessment, which involves an evaluation of objective and subjective data, are used to determine the nutritional status or growth patterns. Our dietitians apply the collected data from the nutrition assessment to plan a nutritional intervention, which involves helping maintain or reach a desired health status. Assessing nutritional status involves 4 components, which are: anthropometrics, biochemical data, clinical data, and dietary data.
Anthropometrics are objective measurements that help determine the amount of muscle and percentage of body fat. These measurements can be used to assess weight loss or gain in an individual. Anthropometrics may include height, weight, body mass index, skinfold measurements, and body frame size.
Dietitians can assess nutritional status through laboratory testing or biochemical data. Biochemical data may be obtained through blood, urine, stool, hair and nail samples. Hydration level, underlying medical conditions, and metabolic processes, like extreme stress, can affect the outcome of biochemical data, so it is important to consider laboratory results as part of a whole.
Clinical data means obtaining a medical history, which includes any diseases or illness, prior diagnostic procedures or current treatments and medications. Some diseases or treatment procedures may increase specific nutrient needs or contribute to malabsorption, which increases the risk of developing a nutritional deficiency. It is also important to determine whether you are taking any vitamins, minerals or herbal supplements, which can affect nutritional health.
The dietary data component of the nutrition assessment involves documenting an individual’s dietary intake. During the dietary component of the nutrition assessment, the dietitian will also obtain information about any known allergies, food intolerances, and food avoidances.